Bad Faith'Bad faith' (or it's antithesis, 'good faith') is used as a concept in a number of different legal contexts. Generally though it is a heightened standard of liability, akin to malice.
Bad Faith - Meaning
Note: The liability standard of 'bad/good faith' is used commonly in Ontario statute law with respect to a government entity, where they must be shown to have acted in 'bad faith' (or failed to act in 'good faith') otherwise they are immune from liability. It occurs in multiple Ontario statutes, eg. ODSPA s.58, Professional Engineers Act, s.58 and many more.
[last edited 07 Nov 2022]