Class Actions (Ont) - Appeals. Davies v. Clarington (Municipality)
In Davies v. Clarington (Municipality) (Ont CA, 2023) the Court of Appeal considers appeal routes from a class action context:
 First, as a general matter, the CPA directs appeals from the determination of individual claims of class members to the Divisional Court: ss. 30(6)-(11). The trial judge was asked to award costs against the lenders in connection with the conduct and result of Mr. Zuber’s individual claim in a class proceeding.. Fresco v. Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
 Nevertheless, in my view, the CPA does not determine the appeal route for this appeal, which does not fit within any of the express categories of appeals that lie to the Divisional Court. This is not an appeal by a class member or representative plaintiff, therefore ss. 30(6), (7), (9), and (10) of the CPA are not applicable. And although this is an appeal by defendants, it is not an appeal “from an order … determining an individual claim made by a class member and awarding the member an amount”, which is the precondition to the application of ss. 30(8) and (11).
 The appellants are not appealing anything about the damages award to Mr. Zuber or the costs award between themselves and Mr. Zuber. If they were, the appeal would lie to the Divisional Court. They are appealing a different order − the refusal to award costs against non-parties. Where an appeal from an order in a class proceeding is not the subject of a specific route mandated by the CPA, the appeal route is governed by the CJA: Fresco v. Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, 2021 ONCA 46, at para. 19.
 Given the amount in issue and the fact that the order under appeal is final, not interlocutory, an appeal from it lies to this court under s. 6(1)(b) of the CJA.
In Fresco v. Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (Ont CA, 2021) the Court of Appeal considered the appeal route under the Class Proceedings Act, 1992:
 Whether this court has jurisdiction over an appeal from a judgment or order in a class proceeding is a two-step analysis. The first question is whether the appeal is from a judgment or order covered by s. 30 of the CPA, and if so, whether s. 30 directs the appeal to this court. If the order is not one covered by s. 30 of the CPA, then whether the appeal lies to this court is determined by the provisions of the CJA. In the latter circumstance, the primary determinant is whether the order is final, as opposed to interlocutory: Bancroft-Snell v. Visa Canada Corporation, 2019 ONCA 822, 148 O.R. (3d) 139, at para. 16.
 The version of the CPA that governs this appeal provided, in s. 30(2) and (3), as follows:
(2) A party may appeal to the Divisional Court from an order certifying a proceeding as a class proceeding, with leave of the Superior Court of Justice as provided in the rules of court.
(3) A party may appeal to the Court of Appeal from a judgment on common issues and from an order under section 24, other than an order that determines individual claims made by class.