Evidence - Privilege - Waiver of Privilege. Air Passenger Rights v. Canada (Attorney General)
In Air Passenger Rights v. Canada (Attorney General) (Fed CA, 2023) the Federal Court of Appeal considers the waiver of privilege that arises when a party raises otherwise privileged communications in support of their position:
 I turn next to the issue of waiver. A client may waive privilege either intentionally or by implication, which will occur if it puts an otherwise privileged communication in issue in support of its position in litigation (see, e.g., Simcoff v. Simcoff, 2009 MBCA 80 at paras. 25–30, 179 A.C.W.S. (3d) 218; Verney v. Great-West Life Assurance Co., 1998 CanLII 14668 (ON SC), 38 O.R. (3d) 474, 77 A.C.W.S. (3d) 1154 (O.N.S.C.); R. v. Smithen-Davis, 2021 ONCA 731, 175 W.C.B. (2d) 142; R. v. Campbell, 1999 CanLII 676 (SCC),  1 S.C.R. 565 at paras. 46–48, 171 D.L.R. (4th) 193; and Sidney N. Lederman, Michelle K. Fuerst & Hamish C. Stewart, Sopinka, Lederman & Bryant: The Law of Evidence in Canada, 6th ed. (Toronto: LexisNexis Canada, 2022) at § 14.163).