Representation - Lawyers - Removal from Record. Brown v. Williams
In Brown v. Williams (Ont CA, 2023) the Court of Appeal considers a motion by solicitors for removal from record:
 The removal of a solicitor of record under r. 15.04 of the Rules of Civil Procedure is within the court’s discretion. Although a client may terminate the relationship at will, Rule 3.7-1 of the Law Society of Ontario’s Rules of Professional Conduct provides that “[a] lawyer shall not withdraw from representation of a client except for good cause and on reasonable notice to the client”. Rule 3.7-2 allows that “…where there has been a serious loss of confidence between the lawyer and the client, the lawyer may withdraw.” The commentary gives examples of a serious loss of confidence justifying the solicitor’s withdrawal, including when “the client refuses to accept and act upon the lawyer’s advice on a significant point”. As the Supreme Court instructed in MacDonald Estate v. Martin, 1990 CanLII 32 (SCC),  3 S.C.R. 1235, at para. 16, the rules of professional conduct of the profession’s governing body “should be taken as expressing the collective views of the profession as to the appropriate standards to which the profession should adhere” and “an expression of a professional standard in a code of ethics relating to a matter before the court should be considered an important statement of public policy.”. 25162116 Ontario Ltd. (Numbrs) v. Abledocs Inc.
 Considerations informing the exercise of the court’s discretion to remove a solicitor of record include the impact of the removal on the client’s interests, on the other parties, and on the administration of justice, and whether the solicitor and client relationship has broken down because of, for example, a loss of confidence in the solicitor’s abilities or the client’s failure to communicate or follow instructions and to make a reasonable payment on the solicitor’s reasonable accounts: R. v. Cunningham, 2010 SCC 10 (CanLII),  1 S.C.R. 331, at para. 50; KingSett Mortgage Corporation v. 30 Roe Investments Corp., 2023 ONCA 196, at paras. 13 and 18; 1621730 Ontario Inc. v. Queen (Ontario), 2012 ONSC 604; Kovinich v. Kovinich (2008), 58 C.P.C. (6th) 78 (Ont. S.C.), at paras. 40-42; Nicolardi v. Daley (2003), 34 C.P.C. (5th) 394 (Ont. S.C.), at paras. 8-10 and 15-16; Johnson v. Toronto, 1963 CanLII 128 (ON SC),  1 O.R. 627 (H.C.J.). While the impact of the removal on the client’s interests and the client’s views are important, the question is not simply whether the client wishes the solicitor to continue but whether all the circumstances, including, for example, the client’s loss of confidence, justify the solicitor’s withdrawal: Kovinich, at para. 41; Nicolardi, at para. 15.
In 25162116 Ontario Ltd. (Numbrs) v. Abledocs Inc. (Ont CA, 2023) the Court of Appeal considered a solicitor's motion for removal from the record [under R15.04]:
 Miller Thomson’s main argument is that there has been a breakdown in the solicitor-client relationship because of the appellant’s failure to pay all of Miller Thomson’s accounts. .... Pomata Investment Corp. (Treasure Hill Homes) v. Yang
 The court has the discretion to refuse to remove a law firm from the record. Considerations informing the exercise of this discretion include not only the interests of the law firm’s client but also comprise factors independent of the solicitor-client relationship, such as the impact on the other parties to the proceedings and the effect on the administration of justice: R. v. Cunningham, 2010 SCC 10 (CanLII),  1 S.C.R. 331, at para. 50; KingSett Mortgage Corporation v. 30 Roe Investments Corp., 2023 ONCA 196, at paras. 13 and 18; Tremblay c. Banque de Montréal, 2023 QCCA 691, at para. 21.
In Pomata Investment Corp. (Treasure Hill Homes) v. Yang (Ont CA, 2023) the Court of Appeal considered a lawyer's duties when being 'removed from the record':
 Further, Mr. Lulic never brought a motion to this court to be removed as the counsel of record. Rule 15.05 of the Rules of Civil Procedure requires a lawyer to act unless the client removes the lawyer or a court order has been obtained to remove the lawyer from the record. Similarly, a lawyer’s professional obligations require reasonable notice to a client of a withdrawal of services. Public confidence in the administration of justice depends on the public being able to rely on their lawyer of record. The moving parties were entitled to rely on Mr. Lulic as their lawyer of record.. KingSett Mortgage Corporation v. 30 Roe Investments Corp.
In KingSett Mortgage Corporation v. 30 Roe Investments Corp. (Ont CA, 2023) the Court of Appeal considers removal of solicitors from the litigation record:
 Blaney McMurtry LLP (“Blaneys”) moved for an order under r. 15.04 of the Rules of Civil Procedure, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194, seeking to remove the firm as lawyer of record for the Appellant, 30 Roe Investment Corp. (“30 Roe”). I dismissed the motion with reasons to follow. These are the reasons.
 There is relatively sparse law on when the court should exercise its discretion to refuse to take a law firm off the record. The cases focus on the interests of the client: see R. v. Cunningham, 2010 SCC 10,  1 S.C.R. 331, at paras. 49-50, and Todd Family Holdings Inc. v. Gardiner, 2015 ONSC 6590, 127 O.R. (3d) 714. The administration of justice must also be considered: Cunningham, at para. 45.