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Corporations

Corporations are entirely creatures of statute, both at the Ontario level (the Business Corporations Act, commonly the 'OBCA') and the federal level (the Canadian Business Corporations Act, or the 'CBCA'). As well, there are other corporate statutes dealing with non-profits, co-operative corporations, condominiums and others. Most litigation deals with the business corporate forms, and that is the present focus of the guide.

Piercing the Corporate Veil
Corporations and Fiduciary Duties
Corporations and the Oppression Remedy
Corporate Identification Doctrine
Directors and Officers



Cases to be integrated
- Corporations / leading case on corporate veil
ScotiaMcLeod Inc. v. Peoples Jewellers Limited (1995), 1995 CanLII 1301 (ON CA), 26 O.R. (3d) 481 (C.A.), at paras. 25-26
- corporation / piercing the corporate veil leading case
Transamerica Life Insurance Co. of Canada v. Canada Life Assurance Co., 1996 CanLII 7979 (ON SC)
- Corporation / corporate veil
[17] While the scope of individual liability as distinct from corporate liability is not always clear, it is undisputed that when a plaintiff purports to sue both a corporation and individuals within that corporation (whether officers, directors or employees), the plaintiff must plead sufficient particulars which disclose a basis for attaching liability to the individuals in their personal capacities: Normart Management Ltd. v. West Hill Redevelopment Co. (1998), 1998 CanLII 2447 (ON CA), 37 O.R. (3d) 97, at p. 102.
- Corporation / piercing the corporate veil: personal liability of corporate principal: Truckers Garage Inc. v. Krell (1993), 3 C.C.E.L. (2d) 157, at para. 40.
- Unique Broadband Systems, Inc. (Re), 2014 ONCA 538 (CanLII), see para 70+ re 'business judgment rule'.



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